Natural Remedies to Repel Ants

The quest for natural ant repellents has intensified in recent years, reflecting a broader shift from reliance on chemical solutions to eco-friendly alternatives. As people grow increasingly wary of the potential hazards of synthetic chemicals in their homes and gardens, the allure of natural remedies has never been stronger. Moreover, with the growing emphasis on sustainability and environmental consciousness, opting for natural solutions is more than just a trend. It’s an assertion of our responsibility to protect our environment and prioritize the health and safety of our families and pets. In this context, understanding which natural remedies are effective against ants becomes a matter of both personal and environmental well-being.

Benefits of Natural Ant Repellents

First and foremost, natural repellents are often made from ingredients commonly found in households, making them cost-effective and easy to source. They typically have a lower environmental impact, degrading more quickly and leaving behind fewer residues in soil and water sources. Unlike many chemical solutions, they don’t contribute to long-term pollution or adversely affect beneficial insects in the environment. Additionally, natural remedies are often more versatile and can serve multiple purposes. For example, an essential oil used to deter ants might also possess therapeutic properties or serve as a pleasant home fragrance.

Safety Around Children and Pets

One of the most significant advantages of natural ant repellents is their safety profile. Chemical repellents can be hazardous, especially if ingested or if they come into contact with the skin or eyes. Children and pets, out of curiosity, are more likely to explore and possibly ingest substances found around the house. Natural remedies, on the other hand, are generally non-toxic, minimizing the risk of accidental poisoning or harmful exposure. While it’s always essential to exercise caution and ensure that any repellent is used correctly, natural solutions offer an added layer of peace of mind in homes with young children or pets.

Not the pest you are looking for?

Check out our pest library to see what other pests we have articles on

Potential Side Effects

While natural ant repellents tend to have fewer side effects than chemical ones, it’s important to acknowledge that “natural” doesn’t always equate to “harmless.” Some individuals might experience allergic reactions to certain essential oils or natural ingredients. Additionally, while many natural remedies are safe for humans and pets, they might still be harmful to beneficial insects or plants if used excessively. It’s always advisable to test any remedy in a small area first and to be aware of any potential reactions or consequences before widespread application.

Effective Natural Remedies and Their Mechanisms

Explore a myriad of natural remedies, understanding their modes of action and how they deter or eliminate ant invasions.

Vinegar & Citrus Solutions

White vinegar, commonly found under brands like Heinz or Great Value, is a powerful natural deterrent for ants due to its strong scent and acidic nature. A typical 32oz bottle can cost anywhere from $1 to $3. Ants use scent trails to communicate with one another and locate food sources. Spraying a solution of equal parts water and white vinegar disrupts these pheromone trails, effectively confusing the ants and deterring them from returning. Regularly cleaning surfaces with this solution can help keep ants at bay.

Lemon juice, and products like ReaLemon (typically priced around $2-$4 for 15oz), also have an acidic profile that can disrupt ant trails. Moreover, the strong citrus scent of lemon is repellent to many types of ants. This deterrent can be made by squeezing a lemon or using store-bought lemon juice. Then, applying this juice to entry points, or mixing it with water to make a spray, can be a great way to prevent ant invasions. Lemon oil, a more concentrated form, is also an effective repellent and is used in various commercial natural repellent sprays.

Rather than throwing away the peels after enjoying oranges or lemons, they can be put to good use in the fight against ants. Tropicana or Sunkist citrus peels can be placed around entry points or dried and scattered around gardens and patios as a repellent. The limonene in citrus peels is a potent ant deterrent, and these peels can be a cost-effective solution, especially if you’re already consuming the fruit. Additionally, citrus peel sprays can be made by steeping the peels in hot water and then using the cooled solution as a spray. These homemade sprays are a fraction of the cost of store-bought alternatives, which can range from $5 to $15 per bottle depending on the brand and size.

Essential Oils

Essential oils have surged in popularity not only for their aromatic properties but also for their potential to deter pests like ants. Leading brands in this domain include Young Living, doTERRA, and NOW Foods. Among the most effective essential oils for ant deterrence are peppermint, tea tree, eucalyptus, and lemon oil. Prices can vary widely depending on the brand and purity, but for instance, a 10ml bottle of NOW Foods Peppermint Oil typically costs around $7-$9.

Peppermint oil, in particular, stands out for its efficacy against ants. The strong menthol scent of peppermint oil is overpowering to ants and masks their scent trails, leading to disorientation. Moreover, the natural compounds in peppermint can be irritative to ants, making it an unfavorable environment for them. Using a few drops of peppermint oil diluted in water to create a spray can serve as an effective ant-repellent.

Kitchen Ingredients

Used coffee grounds, often discarded after brewing brands like Folgers or Starbucks, can be an effective ant repellent. Sprinkling these grounds in gardens or around entry points can deter ants from crossing the barrier. The reason? Ants dislike the strong scent of coffee. This method is not only cost-effective (since it makes use of something otherwise discarded) but also environmentally friendly.

A little-known remedy, cucumber slices, particularly from bitter cucumbers, have compounds that repel ants. Placing thin slices or peels near entry points or areas with high ant activity can deter them. This is especially economical since cucumbers are often a staple in households, with prices averaging $0.50 to $1.50 per cucumber, depending on the region and store.

A pantry staple like Arm & Hammer baking soda (usually priced around $0.85-$2 for a 1lb box) can be weaponized against ants. When ingested, baking soda reacts with an ant’s acidic digestive system, producing gas and leading to internal complications for the ant. A mix of equal parts baking soda and powdered sugar can act as bait, with the sugar luring the ants in. Once consumed, the baking soda takes effect.

Cornmeal, commonly under brands like Quaker Oats or Bob’s Red Mill (costing around $3-$6 for a 24oz bag), is another household item that can manage ant issues. While ants are drawn to cornmeal as a food source, they cannot digest it. As they take the cornmeal back to their colonies, it can lead to a reduction in the ant population. It’s a slower method than others, but it’s safe and non-toxic to children and pets.

Natural Minerals & Compounds

Diatomaceous Earth (DE) is a naturally occurring sedimentary rock that easily crumbles into a fine white to off-white powder. This powder, offered by brands such as Safer Brand and (typically priced between $10-$25 for a 10lb bag), serves as an effective deterrent and killer of ants. When ants encounter DE, it removes the waxy layer of their exoskeleton, leading to dehydration and death. Moreover, DE is safe for humans and pets, making it a favorite among organic gardeners and homeowners.

Borax, available under brands like 20 Mule Team (usually around $4-$7 for a 65oz box), has proven to be a reliable remedy against ant invasions. When combined with sugary solutions, ants are attracted to the bait. Upon consuming the borax-infused mixture and carrying it back to their colonies, the borax disrupts their digestive systems, resulting in their demise. However, it’s crucial to use borax with care, particularly in households with pets and children, as it can be toxic upon ingestion.

Epsom salt, typically used for therapeutic baths and available from brands like Dr. Teal’s (generally priced $4-$8 for a 3lb bag), can also act as an ant deterrent. Sprinkling Epsom salt around plants or entrance areas establishes a barrier ants tend to avoid. This method offers a more humane solution, primarily deterring ants rather than exterminating them.

Garden Strategies

Some aromatic herbs naturally repel ants. Planting mint or basil, whether in gardens or pots near entrances, can ward off ants due to their potent aroma. Beyond their ant-repellent properties, these herbs also enhance culinary dishes, making them popular among gardening enthusiasts. Seedlings or small herb plants usually range from $2-$5 each at local garden centers.

Eggshells, when finely crushed and scattered around plants or entrances, create a jagged terrain that deters ants. The sharp edges of the crushed shells are challenging for ants to traverse. This technique not only gives kitchen waste a new purpose but also enriches garden soil with calcium, benefiting plants in the process. As this method utilizes repurposed shells, it’s both cost-effective and environmentally friendly for ant control.

Application and Maintenance of Natural Repellents

Natural repellents, given their organic and chemical-free nature, might require more frequent applications compared to their synthetic counterparts. For instance, while essential oils might need reapplication every few days, especially after rain or heavy watering, solutions like vinegar or citrus sprays might require daily use, depending on the level of ant activity.

Duration of the Effects

The longevity of a repellent’s effectiveness can vary. Diatomaceous earth remains effective as long as it’s dry, but its potency diminishes after rain or watering. Essential oil mixtures, due to their volatile nature, can dissipate in a few hours to days, necessitating frequent reapplication. On the other hand, solutions like borax baits, once consumed by ants, can have lasting effects, eliminating entire colonies over a week or more.

Use of Crushed Chalk Lines

Crushed chalk lines can act as a deterrent for ants. It’s believed that calcium carbonate in the chalk interferes with their ability to follow scent trails. Drawing chalk lines around entry points or around food sources can help keep ants at bay. For maintained effectiveness, reapply the chalk line every couple of days or after it’s been disturbed.

Repelling Ants from Indoor Spaces

Keeping ants out of indoor spaces requires a combination of repellents and preventive measures. Regularly clean floors and countertops with a vinegar solution to erase scent trails. Ensure food items, especially sweets, are sealed in containers. Herbs like mint can be kept in small pots on windowsills or near doorways to deter entrance. Essential oils, like peppermint or lemon, can be lightly sprayed on thresholds or entry points. For persistent problems, bait stations with natural ingredients like borax (used with caution) can target entire colonies, reducing indoor invasions over time.

DIY: Preparing Homemade Ant Repellent

Essential Oil Spray


  • 20 drops of peppermint essential oil (like NOW Essential Oils costing around $6-$8 for a 1oz bottle)
  • 10 drops of lemon essential oil (brands like doTERRA priced around $13-$15 for a 15ml bottle)
  • A spray bottle
  • 1 cup of distilled water
  • 1/2 cup of white vinegar


  1. Fill the spray bottle with distilled water.
  2. Add the white vinegar to the water.
  3. Carefully drop in the peppermint and lemon essential oils.
  4. Secure the lid and shake the mixture vigorously.
  5. Spray around entry points, windowsills, countertops, or any other areas where ants are frequently seen. Repeat daily or as required.

Borax Bait


  • 1 tablespoon of borax (20 Mule Team, usually around $4-$7 for a 65oz box)
  • 1 tablespoon of sugar
  • Small shallow dishes or lids
  • Water


  1. In a mixing bowl, combine borax and sugar.
  2. Add just enough water to form a paste.
  3. Place small amounts of this paste in shallow dishes or lids.
  4. Set these dishes in areas frequented by ants.
  5. Monitor and replenish the bait as it gets consumed. Make sure to place these baits out of reach of pets and children.

Vinegar and Lemon Solution


  • 1 cup of white vinegar (like Heinz, costing about $3-$5 for a 64oz bottle)
  • Juice of 1 lemon
  • A spray bottle


  1. Pour white vinegar into the spray bottle.
  2. Squeeze in the juice of one lemon.
  3. Seal the bottle and shake well to mix.
  4. Spray this mixture along ant trails, entry points, or any other area with ant activity. This not only repels ants but also disrupts their scent trails. Apply as needed.


In the face of persistent ant challenges, turning to natural remedies offers a safer, more environmentally friendly approach. From essential oils like peppermint and lemon to kitchen staples such as vinegar, numerous solutions can deter or even eliminate ant colonies without resorting to harsh chemicals. Aside from their efficacy, the notable benefits of these remedies include safety around children and pets, minimal environmental impact, and affordability. While the aforementioned remedies have been proven effective for many, the diverse nature of ant species and varying environments might require some experimentation. Everyone is encouraged to tailor these solutions based on their unique situations, combining methods if necessary. Remember, it’s not just about repelling ants, but doing so in a way that is harmonious with our environment and health.